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Intro | Parts of speech | Tenses | Reading Comprehension | Speaking skills and Tips
English is not a science. It’s a skill. Don’t study it. Use it
I’m going to share with you about English language, and how to learn it, which your English fluency is going to improve drastically within weeks. Yes, you try this and you would be shocked at your face after speaking in English fluently.So i would tell this is the best way to know all about English.
LEVELS OF ENGLISH
Beginner (A1-A2): You should focus on learning the grammar and basic vocabulary. Your main goal should be understanding how the different structures work and, respectively, how the language works. I recommend starting with reading children’s books as the grammar structures are varied and the vocabulary is not difficult to understand.
Intermediate (B1-B2): As you already know the basic structures learning the more complex ones should not be really stressful. The main thing you should focus on is expanding your vocabulary and developing your conversational English.
Here I will recommend a few more things. Reading books for amassing vocabulary (it is also beneficial because you get a feeling of sound and pacing which is important for writing) and watching TV series/movies (without the subtitles) for developing your listening and speaking skills (seeing how people interact can help you build your own communicative skills).
However, do not try to go beyond your limits. Read books to understand and get better English.
Advanced (C1-C2): As this is the high level of English, I will describe my language learning routine. As you already know the foundations of the language and how to use it effectively, the point of the advanced level is to further enhance your knowledge.
For instance, you should use sophisticated vocabulary and complex writing structures. Your main goal here should be practicing and polishing your English — again expanding your verbal knowledge and using complex structures.
Books and TV series truly shine here as you can understand even the most complex of texts and the most difficult of situations. Specifically, I am keen on horror and science fiction books, so compatible choices for me are the Exorcist – by william peter blatty and The left hand of darkness – by Ursula k. Le Guin
At first we will start with Parts of speech
Parts of speech
1) Parts of speech
All the words in the English language are distributed in 8 parts, which are called “parts of speech”.
You can also say that there are 8 types of words in English which are called parts of speech.
Following are the parts of speech :
Noun is a naming word.This name can be of any person, animal, bird, place, object,expressions and qualities.
For instance: Prashant,Delhi,Mumbai,crow,cow,book,pen, truth,virtue etc.
Pronoun is a word used in place of Noun.
For instance: I,we,He,She,They,Here,There,This,That
Adjective is a word used to qualify a Noun or pronoun.
For instance: Hari is tall
In the above sentence hari is the noun. And “tall” which is telling of hari’s specialty.
so,here “tall” is Adjective
For instance: 1)Mahesh reads 2) Abhishek laughs 3) Amar walks.
It is clear from the study of these sentences that there is a Subject in every sentence and that it does any action.
So the verb in the sentence above is this: Reads,Laughs,Walks.
Adverb is a word which qualifies a Verb,Adjective or another adverb.
For instance: Slowly, quickly ,very, badly, fast etc.
Preposition is a word which is placed before a Noun or pronoun to show its relation to some other words in the sentence
For instance: at,on,in,with,for,since,to,etc.
The Conjunction is a word which joins words,phrases,clauses or sentences.
For instance: and,but,so,because,that,which,who,when, therefore, etc.
Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feelings or emotions
For instance: Ah !,Oh !,Bravo !,Hurrah !,Alas ! etc.
So far we have learnt Parts of Speech. Now we will go with Tenses.
There are 12 Tenses in English
Following are :
- Present simple
- Present continuous
- Present perfect
- Present perfect continuous
- Past simple
- Past continuous
- Past perfect
- Past perfect continuous
- Future simple
- Future continuous
- Future perfect
- Future perfect continuous
MORE ABOUT TENSES CLICK HERE.
IMPROVE COMPREHENSION READING – Reading skills
The Purpose of Reading.
The purpose of reading is to connect the ideas on the page to what you already know. If you don’t know anything about a subject, then pouring words of text into your mind is like pouring water into your hand. You don’t retain much. For instance, try reading these numbers:
8256789 This is hard to read and remember.
825-6789 This is easier because of chunking.
123-4567 This is easy to read because of prior knowledge and structure.
Similarly, if you like sports, then reading the sports page is easy. You have a framework in your mind for reading, understanding and storing information.
Reading comprehension requires motivation, mental frameworks for holding ideas, concentration and good study techniques.
Here are some suggestions.
Develop a broad background.
Broaden your background knowledge by reading newspapers, magazines and books.Become interested in world events.
Know the structure of paragraphs.
Good writers construct paragraphs that have a beginning, middle and end. Often, the first sentence will give an overview that helps provide a framework for adding details. Also, look for transitional words, phrases or paragraphs that change the topic.
Identify the type of reasoning.
Does the author use cause and effect reasoning, hypothesis, model building, induction or deduction, systems thinking? See section 20 for more examples on critical thinking skills.
Cause and effect reasoning : The main aim of cause and effect is to derive the relationship between two given statements. That needs to be tested whether the statements are causally related to each other or not.
Hypothesis : A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon
Model building: Model building involves creation of models or words
System thinking : Systems thinking is way to analysis
Anticipate and predict.
Really smart readers try to anticipate the author and predict future ideas and questions. If you’re right, this reinforces your understanding. If you’re wrong, you make adjustments quicker.
Look for the method of organization.
Is the material organized chronologically, serially, logically, functionally, spatially or hierarchical?
Create motivation and interest.
Preview material, ask questions, discuss ideas with classmates. The stronger your interest, the greater your comprehension.
Pay attention to supporting cues.
Study pictures, graphs and headings. Read the first and last paragraph in a chapter, or the first sentence in each section.
Highlight, summarize and review.
Just reading a book once is not enough. To develop a deeper understanding, you have to highlight, summarize and review important ideas.
Build a good vocabulary.
For most educated people, this is a lifetime project. The best way to improve your vocabulary is to use a dictionary regularly. You might carry around a pocket dictionary and use it to look up new words. Or, you can keep a list of words to look up at the end of the day. Concentrate on roots, prefixes and endings.
Use a systematic reading technique like SQR3. ( Survey , Question, Read, Recite and Review)
Develop a systematic reading style, like the SQR3 method and make adjustments to it, depending on priorities and purpose. The SQR3 steps include Survey, Question, Read, Recite and Review.
Good readers monitor their attention, concentration and effectiveness. They quickly recognize if they’ve missed an idea and backup to reread it.
Should You Vocalize Words?
Yes, although it is faster to form words in your mind rather than on your lips or throat. Eye motion is also important. Frequent backtracking slows you down considerably.
Speaking skills and Tips
I used to feel Blue! Myself when it comes to improving my speaking skills. Here’s how to clear that blue and reach cloud nine.
- The most important thing is to focus on what you are good at; whether your strong element is humor, pace, volume, mastery topics, gestures or story telling, and what you are not so good at. (Listing them would help).
- There are two major things when it comes to improving speaking skills. Those are:
Improving mistakes, weak points & Adding skills
You have to decide for yourself how to approach this, but what is important is that you should practice planning structured speeches and performing them. This will help you to improve your ability to execute exactly what you have to say and will improve structure and organisation of speech, which will automatically cut out your um’s and ah’s and will replace them with silent pauses. How you decide to practice performing your speech is up to you; whether you practice through conversation (recommended) or in the mirror.
- The key is breaking it up into sections like an essay: main topics, pace, delivery, execution .etc.
Make sure you practice your skills through these 7 steps:
- Speak clearly
- Develop flow
- Choose your mastery topics
- Become a topic master
- Develop style
- Practice daily
- Practice at events
Saucy tips : GENERAL ENGLISH
Practice speaking widely, deeply and differently.
Here is my saucy tips for you to enhance your English speaking power:
- Practice speaking in front a mirror, by working, say on your pronunciation, stressed sounds, and even your body language
- Improve your fluency of speech
- Slow down your speaking speed so as to allow yourself time to think, public speaking experts call this initiative, “pause for poise”;
- Acquiring more fixed or set phrases and other word forms so as to expand your vocabulary
- Learning to listen intently and attentively, just as productivity strategist Stephen R Covey put it: “Seek first to understand, then to be understood!”
- Thinking about your day in English, avoid “translating in your native language” as much as you can
- Indulging in some public speaking gigs, even for free, wherever possible;
- Talking to yourself whenever you are at home or alone somewhere;
- Reading out loud
- Learning and practicing using common language expressions of native speakers in everyday situations
- Listening to English songs
- Telling stories or sharing anecdotes from your native language in English
- Always be prepared for any English speaking opportunity
- Read widely and even deeply, as well as write profusely, and of course, speak regularly
- Last but not least, always put your mind at ease or relaxed mode when speaking English!
IDIOMS AND PHRASES _ GENERAL ENGLISH
Here i’m going to share few Idioms and Phrases:
An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from
A Bird In The Hand Is Worth Two In The Bush:
Having something that is certain is much better than taking a risk for more, because chances are you might lose everything.
A Blessing In Disguise:
Something good that isn’t recognized at first.
A Chip On Your Shoulder:
Being upset for something that happened in the past.
A Dime A Dozen:
Anything that is common and easy to get.
A Doubting Thomas:
A skeptic who needs physical or personal evidence in order to believe something.
A Drop in the Bucket:
A very small part of something big or whole.
A Fool And His Money Are Easily Parted:
It’s easy for a foolish person to lose his/her money.
A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand:
Everyone involved must unify and function together or it will not work out.
A Leopard Can’t Change His Spots:
You cannot change who you are.
A Penny Saved Is A Penny Earned:
By not spending money, you are saving money (little by little).
A Picture Paints a Thousand Words:
A visual presentation is far more descriptive than words.
A Piece of Cake: A task that can be accomplished very easily.
WORDS TO BE NOTED
- Amassing – gather , accumulate
- Sophisticated – matured, rich in, refine
- Exorcist – person who performs supernatural
- Retain – to continue to hold
- Chunking – to cut or to remove
- Framework – structured work
- Transitional – change from one place to another
- Feel blue – feel sad
- Cloud nine – feel happy
- Anecdotes – a short account of a particular incident or event
- Profusely – extensively
- Indulging – treat oneself or another, entertain
- Gigs – appearance
- Intently – determined, decided
- Attentively – observantly, giving attention.
Thanks!! for reading my article
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